#11 Chroma & Carbonshade Merging, New Products, and Future Plans

Hello Friends,

If you have been re-directed here from carbonshade.com or getchroma.co, it is because Shopify has been freezing our accounts and creating a poor customer experience so we will be switching to a more sovereign e-commerce platform that we can control (eventually).

In the meantime, the stores will stay closed. Feel free to look for the newsletter archives to find out more about sunlight, health, circadian rhythms and so on.

Best,

Michael (Founder of Carbonshade and Chroma)

P.S. If you want the store re-opened faster, share these posts with people who might subscribe so I know there is interest in the products we built!

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Brief history of Carbonshade & Chroma

Carbonshade was my original foray into “biohacking” when I started building it late 2015 and then launched it on Kickstarter early 2016. Our key innovation was the use of dark red lenses that previously did not exist outside of laser safety glasses due to the enhanced aesthetics of the color red over the color orange, despite the fact that a dark orange with the right transmission spectrum (e.g. the one Uvex offers) is about as effective. Since building out the initial product, Carbonshade has almost always been at most a side project for me due to a combination of the small market, and it not making sense for me to figure out the Facebook/Instagram ads game, especially since I was focused on a startup developing a new manufacturing process for very lightweight aerospace parts, which is a massive market.

In 2019, after I had left this aerospace startup and was on a bit of a sabbatical (mountain biking and rock climbing while living out of a van), a friend reached out about working on Carbonshade to grow the brand, and I agreed to work with him on it, along with a mutual acquaintance. I had already been working on various personal visible lighting systems for years at that point, and had also built myself a personal near-infrared device, but it was around that time I realized other people were also interested in these systems that were rather complimentary to the glasses at Carbonshade (glasses eliminate the harmful artificial light from our electronics, whereas additive lighting systems can restore components of sunlight that we are missing by living indoors throughout the day).

Alas, our visions for Carbonshade differed. Where I was more ambitious and wanted to build a variety of products related to lighting to include alongside the glasses, they wanted to take a more tepid approach. So we ended up going different ways and I started working on Chroma to build all the new products I envisioned, and customers loved them. Unfortunately, with startups, it is often easier to overshoot and miss, rather than having a small goal that does not leave room for error, and predictably, both of the guys that were working on Carbonshade abandoned the project, which has led to some unfortunate service disruptions. Seeing that Carbonshade was basically in stasis and orders were barely being fulfilled, I acquired 100% of the shares so that I could re-integrate the two diverging brands. [For anyone who has an order pending now, please note that we specified on the website that these are backorders and both Chroma & Carbonshade orders will be shipping early September (except for Ironforge and D-Light).]

For Carbonshade customers, here is a quick rundown of the (mostly LED) products we developed with Chroma.

  1. Sky Portal: A bright sky blue light to be used at a desk. This is sort of an exact opposite of the Carbonshade glasses. Importantly, 480nm cyan blue LEDs are used rather than 440 nm dark blue LEDs that are the cause of health concerns. Cyan light has extremely high melanopic lux, which means the stimulatory effect is equivalent to that of a much brighter white light (almost all white LEDs are also loaded with this sub-450nm harsh, dark blue, and they have a dip in the cyan range exactly where you want light, which is known in the LED industry as the cyan gap!). Each Sky Portal comes with a 2nd LED channel that can be either near-infrared, or a very high fidelity, violet phosphor pump white LED that we custom tuned to further fill in the cyan gap. Read more: #8 The Complete Solution to Human Health in the Modern World

  1. Chroma Nightshades: A variation of the original Carbonshade glasses that lets in a bit of violet light, making it easier to navigate your environment at night, as well as making it easier to see colors in mobile apps or watch movies without everything being monochrome. These aren’t a replacement for Carbonshades since even though they work well, they don’t get you that 99.8% absorption of light in the melanopic range. Read more

  1. Ironforge/Redforge: A compact, very high power, hand-held near-infrared or deep red light. I built this originally to accelerate healing of a pulley injury in my finger from rock climbing. This stuff has been extensively studied and has been shown to be effective for a wide variety of applications including pain, bone density, injury healing time, neurodegenerative diseases, mental health, skin appearance, balding, etc. Other products in this space are built almost exclusively by non-engineers who have trouble understanding something as simple as the power consumption of a device in watts and the efficiency of a system, which is something a 10-year-old, or a bright 6-year-old should have no problem understanding. A small, power dense device can be used like a large device, but the reverse is not true. Read more: #9 How does high power density red light therapy work? or #6 The Truth about Joovv Red Light Therapy.

  1. Near-IR flashlight: A low power, battery-powered near-infrared device with more power than “lasers” sold for 3-20x the price.

  1. D-Light: the first ever consumer product with UVB LEDs, which is the portion of the UV spectrum that leads to vitamin D synthesis.

…and the Carbonshade glasses: a non-high-gamut version of the Nightshades that blocks more light with a dark red instead of a pinkish lens.

Ironforge 2.0 and D-Light 2.0

We streamlined the Ironforge/Redforge series with a single product that is 80% 850nm near-infrared and 20% 670nm deep red. This enables the focus on deep tissue, while still offering the skin benefits of deep red in a single device. Additionally, instead of having multiple power levels, we put as much power as is practical into a single device (works out to a bit more than the white series since we are not doing as much undervolting as in the black series, which requires a ridiculous number of diodes, driving up production costs). While every other brand has been raising prices due to the massive 30% inflation in the past year, we decided to slash prices instead with the hopes that this will lead to more word-of-mouth sales since we don’t run ads.

A good way to use the Ironforge if you want more power is to get 5 or 20 of them and zip tie them to a vertical poll or wooden frame. With 12 units, you match the power of a Novothor at less than a tenth of the price. According to one of our customers, Jeff Bezos has a Novothor in every home he owns. So get yourself 13, and you’ll have a higher power system than what a centibillionaire owns. If you are reading this, there exists a dimension by which your wealth exceeds that of most billionaires who clearly neglect their health as is readily apparent at a glance (Bill Gates comes to mind).

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With the D-Light, we finally found a supplier for the ideal wavelength of UVB (297-298 nm peak), as opposed to the previous LED we used at 290 nm. These narrowband wavelengths have been shown to lead to more vitamin D synthesis per DNA damage. We discontinued the original version after I noticed some hyperpigmentation in my skin after using it and all customers of that product were advised and given the option to return the device. The hyperpigmentation spots might have also been due to the UVA, which was included at a lower ratio than what would be found in sunlight, and the new version will have only about half as much UVA since this is not critical to vitamin D synthesis. UVA leads to nitric oxide synthesis, but near-infrared light does that as well so this seems less critical. Since UV is absorbed without penetrating very deeply, we are shifting the wavelengths used alongside the UV to include more visible light, along with some shorter wavelength near-IR (mix of 630, 670, 780, and 850). The goal of including these lights is to reduce the damage that the UV causes since it is ionizing radiation. …lots of research backing this up. Too much to list here so scroll to bottom.

Eventually, we would like to validate the superiority of this device from a safety perspective to fluorescent, broad spectrum 311 nm lamps such as those used in the Sperti lamp as well as the superiority of this device to sunlight itself. This could be observed by the levels of cyclobutan pyrimidine dimers with respect to vitamin D level elevation since this is a fairly good measure of DNA damage. Some other ways to reduce the damage of UV is simply being outside all day instead of merely solar noon since there is more red and near-IR light in the morning and later in the afternoon — or you can use the Ironforge every morning before you head out into the sunlight.

We only have a single D-Light product now, whereas previously there were two power levels. The current version has about 70% more UVB power than the higher power original version, yet the price is only around 40% of the original. We can’t bring the price all the way down to the same levels of the Ironforge since UVB LEDs are actually insanely expensive — more than an order of magnitude higher cost per diode, along with more than an order of magnitude lower radiant efficiency — this likely why you have never seen a consumer device with them (as an aside, this is also why far-UVC is not a feasible solution for preventing transmission of respiratory diseases… the economics are even worse at those wavelengths).

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Future plans for Carbonshade and Chroma

If you want a product from either store, I’d suggest getting them sooner rather than later, especially for the Ironforge and D-Light — we are switching to a batch model of production so we are not sitting on inventory, which is fairly costly. The batch model enables us to lower our prices, and you might notice we have been gradually lowering the prices on the Sky Portals as well. We will stop taking order for the next batch of Ironforges and D-Lights in the next couple weeks so that we do not delay beginning production, and we will not immmediately open a new batch.

Instead, we will be re-building the storefront to combine Chroma and Carbonshade into a website where we will only accept payments in bitcoin, which will eliminate the fees from the legacy financial infrastructure, allowing us to pass those savings onto you. I appreciate all my customers, so I would like to show my gratitude by sharing with you a glimpse of what the world will look like in the coming years. In the coming months, if you want to purchase a product from us, you will only be able to do so with bitcoin — in the years to come, if you want to buy anything from anyone, you will only be able to use bitcoin. You will find that merchants do not wish to receive a money that is easily counterfeit by governments and private banks that are able to inflate the supply of money and make the dollar worthless. Bitcoin is the only thing that can preserve its value long term since the supply is capped.

The problems that exist in the health system, where we are coercively scammed into insurance products only to receive services from entities among which there is a near total absence of competitive forces driving improvements, is entirely rooted in the problems with the money. I might elaborate on this point further in this newsletter, but for now, simply understand that Bitcoin fixes this. There is nothing unfathomably hard about any of the products I have built. LEDs are not rocket science. Not even close. The problems relate to incentives and psychology and in a sound world, the products of Carbonshade and Chroma would be so obvious everyone would use them, there would be significant competition, and the prices would be lower. So I will aspriationally lower the prices in anticipation of the world to come over time, a deflationary world. Until the new website is setup, anyone who wants to buy in bitcoin can message me directly and get a bit of a discount.

Carbonshade

Chroma

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Citations

(all the notes/links I have under UV in Roam, sorry it’s a bit messy)

#10 The state of healthcare as an instance of the world at large

It's even worse than you think, but things are also on the verge of becoming unimaginably better than you probably expect.

When I launched the Chroma Sky Portal last summer, I simultaneously announced the temporary closure of Chroma since I had figured out how to eliminate respiratory-disease pandemics and thought that I should focus on that. However, I ended up re-opening early December after learning the painful lesson that the world did not actually care about ending the pandemics (regardless of what they say). Now, had the solution been something unfathomably hard to comprehend, we could give the world a pass, but it was not. In fact, solving pandemics is among the most trivial problems I have encountered that have managed to grab my attention…

Now, for those who might not be aware, Wittgenstein’s ruler is the idea that if you take a ruler to measure the length of a table, but your ruler is inaccurate then the attempt to measure the table will not work. Your ruler will return an incorrect number — but let’s say you know that it’s incorrect (maybe you have a very sturdy stone table with a length you know from hundreds of prior measurements that have been validated umpteen different ways). Then the measure given by the ruler is actually a measure of its own inaccuracy. You have used the table to measure the ruler. The greater precision with which you know the size of your table, the smaller the error in the ruler you can pick up, and if the ruler is extremely inaccurate (e.g. it says that your dining table is 6 miles long rather than 6 ft) just eyeballing the length of the table would instantly tell you the ruler is very far off — you wouldn’t know that is exactly 5,280x off, but you’d be extremely confident saying it is somewhere between 1,000x and 10,000x off.

So if you want to understand the world, turn yourself into a table, insert yourself in the world, and observe the attempts the world makes to measure you. Do not take information at face value. The signal there is noisy. At least that is my approach — the view that most inputs must be sanitized to prevent rogue thought execution.

Setting a Least Upper Bound to the “Elite’s” Intellectual Capacity

Back to having solved the pandemic and how simple it is: first, let’s consider the requirement for a pandemic to continue — it’s an R_0 value greater than 1. That is how growth is defined. It means for every infected individual there will be greater than 1 additional infected individual infected by the time they recover or die. So we can define a solution to the pandemic as anything that brings R_0 below 1. We can add the observation that out of any number of possible diseases that could become pandemic (most of them far more dangerous than coronaviruses e.g. influenza, which has the added downside of evolving faster — COVID only appears to be evolving very quickly because the scale at which the virus is operating means it is going through more iterations per unit time).

Of course, R_0 is not a property of a virus, nor is it a constant at any time, but an average of spread within some field of observation over some amount of time. So to call something a general solution we should expect that it allows us to dramatically reduce R_0 well below 1 such that with some distribution of viruses, we can eliminate a large portion of the ones that would cause pandemics from doing so (and even for the ones that are so virulent R_0 would not drop below 1, that might be the shift between tens of percents of the population dying and what we have now, which is a miniscule fraction of that).

So what impacts R_0? There are some inherent biological underpinnings, but once those are normalized, it is based on interactions and movements of individuals and the environments in which these interactions occur. We know of course that viruses do not jump across wide open oceans and they do not reach people that are isolated. It is in modern dwellings that humans currently interface and this is where almost all transmission occurs. Interestingly, we are back to the modern building posing a health threat to humans — before it was lack of sunlight, and now it is disease transmission.

Among the various mechanisms by which a virus can transmit, it turns out that for SARS-CoV-2, airborne transmission is the primary one. I’ll spare you the details since this is dragging on a bit, but if you want to learn more you can scroll through the Reflow Labs tweet history. Anyway, scientists explained this by the hundreds, including the historical meta-science of how public health persons fail to recognize airborne transmission and how we have plenty of models to understand what was going on. With that information, it is now public knowledge (unevenly distributed, in fact, it was mostly known all the way back in March) that reducing airborne transmission substantially would eliminate this pandemic, and those that are likely to come over the next decade. This airborne transmission has virtually no risk outdoors, but spreads rapidly indoors where aerosols accumulate in the air.

This can be solved with HEPA purifiers or ventilating with outdoor air. Ventilation is problematic since it makes most buildings unpleasantly hot, cold, or both so HEPA is the default — alas, it is costly to have sufficient HEPA purification. This is where my observation comes in: if you don’t have to push air through a dense filter, you can move air more quickly, which means you can move a lot more air. A UVC light with a reflective chamber can then inactivate the virus instead. This means for a fixed amount of air exchange, you need fewer machines, fewer filters, a lot less electricity, a lot less noise, and all around lower costs. Pretty f****** simple, right? I should have had 1000 competitors before I even started, but even to this day, there are none. There are idiots that combine HEPA filters with UVC, which does absolutely nothing since the entire point is to remove the HEPA filter. Moreover, having something in HVAC ducts is a subpar option since it does not localize the clean air flow where it is most needed, including right where people are (personalized ventilation).

So where did people go wrong:

  1. Venture Capitalists: their level of scientific thinking is below that of a smart middle school kid. They do not understand that technology is tied to energy so the idea of something with a lower energy cost did not compute to them. Additionally, they struggled to understand the simple concept of radiated power coming from a lightbulb and passing through air and how the levels of power match the level of powers. Venture capitalists these days are mostly a combination of failed/mediocre entrepreneurs and ivy-league people that have never even attempted to build anything. They are so oblivious to how companies and products work, they do not even understand the difference between a hard or an easy hardware product to build — that they have zero ability to think into the future gives us some understanding of what happens — they take a small amount of revenue and consider it meaningful when in fact, a few million in revenue has zero inherent information. People buy lousy products that don’t scale all the time.

    This was the final nail in the coffin of the maybe VCs aren’t all idiots lingering, intrusive thought. I had previously built what we can summarize as the strongest materials in the universe, and VCs failed to fund those, but I tried to give them the benefit of the doubt by thinking it was just advanced technologies and aerospace they struggled with because those things are genuinely hard to understand. I grew up in Palo Alto and used to admire VCs, but this admiration was without evidence.

  2. Corporate/Finance Executives: I only reached out to a small set of people, but enough to identify a major systemic problem that I simply did not want to deal with — executives have limited incentive to actually solve problems because they are hesitant as to whether the steps they take will be acceptable to governments, which drives them to signaling via what is being called hygiene theater. Given this reality, they also do not put together teams of competent people to address this problem. If you think about a lot of large corporations in the food/restaurant industry this is not all that surprising since they don’t have a need for engineers. I found myself talking to a non-engineer responsible for over 7000 eateries worldwide who did not understand to concept of power over some unit area over some amount of time, and how to compare that to well-established research values for viral inactivation of coronavirus, nor could he understand the concept that the inactivation energies did not arise from God as if chosen by a random number generator, but in fact fell on a narrow spectrum across multiple classes of virions such as influenzas, but I digress. This is the person the COO of this private equity behemoth had handed me off to.

  3. Journalists: This group of course has no skin in the game. They make their ad dollars regardless of whether what they say is true or false. Their arrogance toward average people is astounding given that they completely failed to convey the information needed to end the pandemic. Someone from CNBC Advancements actually wanted to feature Reflow Labs, but only once it had some momentum, but that goes back to the institutional failures of finance, and the financialized base of customers.

    A common phrase among journalists and the healthcare industrial complex is “vaccine hesitancy”, which is ironic because the hesitancy obviously arises from the gross incompetence at every level. There is the lingering question of how can these people be trusted to figure out something that is complex/advanced such as a vaccine, when they can’t even figure out something as simple as COVID being airborne and the idea that you need more air flow to fix it? (though vaccines are a local optimum that are better than not having vaccines given the reality of societies ineptitude — unlike them, I accept the reality of what we’re dealing with whereas they will imagine a hypothetical world such as one where everyone wears a mask)

  4. Entreprenuers: There are various people selling products, but they face something beyond merely not having an intelligent world to sell into. Their valuation is detached from what they actually do and is maybe 90% just a reflexive mimetic schelling point, except it’s usually not a schelling point because there are many that are doing the exact same thing.

  5. Governments: These entities simply have very high latency and rely on other institutions not failing catastrophically as they did.

  6. Philanthropists: Same problem as Governments. They have a lousy information funnel. I realized that it would make sense to run Reflow Labs as a non-profit focused on selling goods since collapsing margins could allow it to scale faster (one might wonder why this never happens), but emailing as many people as I could on the Giving Pledge, I found that none of them were interested. I find it odd that no billionaire was interested in making ending pandemics their legacy, but it likely comes down to fear since even billionaires are subject to the non-ergodicity that threatens their goals so they typically pursue easy goals.

All of this does not even consider that the Ironforge product would probably cure / eliminate severe cases of COVID given the results of this pilot study. That goes purely into health-industrial-complex territory so I didn’t even bother making much of an effort to have that go anywhere. Abstract from the study: A 57-Year-Old African American Man with Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia Who Responded to Supportive Photobiomodulation Therapy (PBMT): First Use of PBMT in COVID-19 

A 57-year-old African American man with severe COVID-19 received 4 once-daily PBMT sessions by a laser scanner with pulsed 808 nm and super-pulsed 905 nm modes for 28 min. The patient was evaluated before and after treatment via radiological assessment of lung edema (RALE) by CXR, pulmonary severity indices, blood tests, oxygen requirements, and patient questionnaires. Oxygen saturation (SpO2) increased from 93–94% to 97–100%, while the oxygen requirement decreased from 2–4 L/min to 1 L/min. The RALE score improved from 8 to 5. The Pneumonia Severity Index improved from Class V (142) to Class II (67). Additional pulmonary indices (Brescia-COVID and SMART-COP) both decreased from 4 to 0. CRP normalized from 15.1 to 1.23. The patient reported substantial improvement in the Community-Acquired Pneumonia assessment tool.

Wild stuff. Of course, when I say “probably is a cure”, I am purely referring to the class of thing of which the Ironforge is an instance — it is observation of physical phenomena, not prescription. Nothing I ever say is medical advice, as I am not of the ordained class. Nothing I sell is intended to treat or cure anything since my products are merely for wellness — if you have medical concerns I am required to refer you to the ordained or people with guns will come for me.

What is the root of this idiocy?

This incompetence does not reflect a lack in cognitive faculty, but rather a functional unintelligence. This is why you can speak to people within these groups and by and large, you could very easily get the impression they are all reasonably smart. The functional aspect to intelligence requires some objective that is being sought from which one can say whether that objective is being pursued intelligently. All of these people in this sense can be said to be locally brilliant, and this is the scale where I could be justifiably called a fool (if you were not locally a fool, one could argue that I could be succeeded regardless, but good systems have good enough error-checking, which is also why I don’t edit this newsletter. Perfect accuracy is very costly. Humans are nhrntly gd at prsng lssy nfrmtin ). And it’s perfectly fine for different people to operate at different levels of abstraction, so long as there is a final settlement layer grounded in hard physics — but what happens when settlement is not only never called for, but fundamentally uncallable by most participants? Well that is exactly the situation we face.

There is only one possible type of shared consensus that one could imagine that might organize human activity in a rigourous way attached to the physics of the universe, which would be a good that attaches to nothing of physicality, lest it compete with that thing itself, and such a thing would have to be finite, final, liquid, durable, informatic, and divisible to all scales. A finite substance that can map to everything that itself never changes is the only way to ensure that we can measure reality, which is to say, everything. Alas, our present co-ordination system does not have these attributes. The present monetary system of dollars and other fiat monies is not a closed system, but an authoritarian system that extracts wealth from everyone to give it to the wealthiest (Cantillon effect) — this of course impoverishes and enslaves people, but it also makes the wealthy functionally retarded (descriptive, not pejorative). They become unable to operate based on reality, but instead they must operate on fiat declarations and forever chase the dragon of the fiat spigot that has an infinite amount of nominal money and never settles.

If only we had an alternative that were forever fixed, then all these problems would begin to resolve as soon as its adoption completed since there would be a settlement layer of eternal truth. Intelligence in achieving something comes from truly wanting the thing itself. When one wants the right thing, the rest can be figured out, but we know desire is mimetic and the mimetic process will be forever broken until we can find an intrinsically useless object to which all scarcity can be attached, and in that process make the entirety of the world abundant, delaying mimetic violence forever, and bringing forth endless, intelligently directed human action. I will leave it to the reader to decide for themselves if such a singular object already exists and what implications that may have on their life.

The shilling part of the newsletter

People have been quite happy with the Chroma Sky Portal, but I wanted to make it more accessible so there is now a lower cost version that does not include near-infrared light in the 2nd channel. Instead, I worked with the diode manufacturer to customize an already high-fidelity white LED for the 2nd channel. This white LED has a boosted r9 value, a number that is not captured in CRI, but is of great importance since it measures fidelity of red hues that are critical to accurately rendering skin tones i.e. it will make you look good on Zoom a bit more effectively than studio photography lights. That version is also available in a smaller size unit with half the power. The sky blue channel remains the same. To recap the purpose of a narrowband sky blue, it has high melanopic lux while having low brightness, which means it is very effective, but not obnoxious the way a pure white light would be — furthermore, the sky blue channel does not include dark blue (the portion of blue that people are concerned about for eye strain on potential long term effects, though research on how harmful that actually is is a mixed bag).

Since I’m moving and won’t have access to some inventory for a while, this week I’m offering a 5-pack 50% discount on Sky Portals. You could do 3 at the desk, 1 by the bed, and 1 for a friend. Also a good option for your employees… how much is their productivity worth to you?

It also seems people really like the near-infrared flashlight I released. Someone messaged me about using it for a knee injury so I went ahead and ran the numbers. Surprisingly, if you have a very localized requirement it actually puts out a decent amount of power. It’s currently backordered so the price is temporarily dropped making it a better value than ever. There are similar items that are sold as “medical” devices and offered by medical “professionals” with a fifth of the power at ten times the cost. Don’t be a schmuck, get the “wellness” device that bypasses the health industrial complex markups or DIY it at an even lower cost. It’s just LEDs.

There is a single White Series Ironforge left and a single Redforge. Those will not be back in stock for at least a few months. Plenty of Nightshades left (best blue-blocking glasses; they let in a bit of violet light to offer a higher gamut with the minimum penalty in efficacy). Nightshades this week are buy-one get the 2nd pair 60% off with code 60glasses.

The more you share this newsletter, the more I’m incentivized to build products, increase their availability, and eventually drive down their costs. At this point, I’ll keep the doors open, but I’m not going to go out of my way to grow things… I’m going to be thinking and writing about that singular object I mentioned (and how it relates to various things) since I expect it will be possible to both implement the solutions to human health at scale, and proceed with the advanced foundational aerospace technologies I was working on — work from which I was ever so rudely interrupted from continuing.

Also, every customer can now become an affiliate. Since affiliate/influencer marketing is kind of BS these days, people must first order something before they can be an affiliate, and once they are an affiliate, they can get a 5.7% commission, but they do not give an additional discount to the customer — why would I want to punish people that organically find out about this stuff rather than through an affiliate? Sign up here if you're already a customer.

Be healthy and get lots of sunlight. The world is about to get much, much better.

#9 How does high power density red light therapy work?

Full body systemic benefits and getting high enough doses for localized effects

A lot of people who have been interested in the Sky Portal and Nightshades for circadian rhythms have been asking about the other devices so here as a primer. Btw, we added a bunch of new photos of all these products so if you don't like buying something just based on a photo of a PCB being tested, go ahead and take another look. 15% discount code (bleedingedge) automatically applied with this link through end of August i.e. expires at midnight pacific time today.

Shop Chroma

The premise of red and near-infrared light is that it makes mitochondria work better. The challenge with red light is it concentrates more on the skin, whereas near-IR can penetrate further, allowing for a broader range of effects. If you look at the research papers, you'll find that the researchers can name more cellular components than I do, but at the end of the day, I don't think they actually have a much deeper understanding than "makes mitochondria work better".

Mitochondria vs genetics, microbiomics, and the rest

If you're taking a broad perspective on health you might wonder why mitochondria are so important. While there are many of them and they're in every cell, that's not a de-facto explanation of their importance over any other number of things in the body that are also critical. A cardiologist might say it is the entire organ of the heart that is most critical, and someone else might argue it’s the gut microbiome, but these people might be getting too far into the weeds. It's largely the premise that mitochondrial dysfunction is fundamental to etiology across all or most disease rather than say, genetics. So while it cannot prevent a particular disease, it might reduce the odds of any disease in the same way any lifestyle change that improves baseline health might.

As mentioned in the previous newsletter, no one pays attention to the foundations of health and the root of the problem might lie in the legibility challenges associated with taking this perspective. Just like mitochondrial problems might be a better explanation for disease, illegibility might be the root cause of the society’s inability to solve this problem rather than the various conflicts of interest (big pharma, big food, healthcare industrial complex, overfocus on AI biotech despite curse of dimensionality, etc.) that could instead be viewed as a downstream phenomenon. Cheap sensors and wearables may provide enough legibility that it could eventually be too hard to ignore the information that some of us find self-evident just based on the research we have available today.

High power density near-infrared, red, and UV light

The reasoning behind the Ironforge, Redforge, and D-Light devices is that in addition to the systemic effects, there are tons of localized benefits, which may require a concentrated dose to get the maximal benefits. Some examples: targeting specific muscles being trained on that day; targeting injuries/pains; targeting cerebral benefits; targeting endocrinological/hormonal effects; targeting hairline or face for aesthetic purposes. The evidence for all these specific effects is scattered across thousand of studies so you might want to take a look at this database and search for specific terms. Some effects are more profound than others.

The reason I started working on near-infrared light was to accelerate healing of a partially torn finger pulley. Since a finger pulley is rather small, and I wanted to achieve an optimal dose on the pulley itself rather than on my skin I knew the existing products wouldn't cut it. Moreover, I didn't just want to heal my finger, I wanted my hands to be more resilient overall and to maximize training benefits in my forearms, which are typically considered the limiting factor in climbing. A boxer might care about strengthening the bones in their wrist; a tennis player or golfer might focus on their elbow; a runner might focus on their quads and shins; a software engineer might focus on their brain; a model might focus on their face; etc.

Compared to a big panel you can have doses on the order of 100x in localized areas. If you know about red light therapy, you'll know there is a biphasic response curve and you don't want to get too much, but the problem is that with a regular panel, you might only be getting 1-5% of what you want for something localized. But then if you do want that whole body effect, it's just as easy to pass the device everywhere and get that. Compared to a panel, the whole body effects still work better because the majority of the light actually hits your body, whereas being a foot way from a panel might mean 80% of the light goes off to the side.

The best time to use red or near-infrared light is in the morning or a few hours before some physical activity. I intend to use it twice daily, morning and late afternoon. If I'm going to train late in the afternoon, I'll move the 2nd session to be a couple hours before then. The best time to use the D-Light would be midday, but you could also use it in the morning if that's more convenient for you. Using the D-Light in the evening might interfere with sleep.

You might be wondering why our red lights look white instead of red and that’s just how bright they are. Everything red looks white when it gets hot enough e.g. molten steel.

Optimal sleep, alertness, and happiness

To recap on the Sky Portal, it solves the problem that a typical indoor environment has only about 1% of the brightness of an outdoor environment. It also drowns out short wavelength blue light from your ambient lighting and screens by causing your pupils to contract with long wavelength sky blue, while also providing near-infrared to mitigate the damage from the remaining high intensity blue that doesn't fully get eliminated. The Nightshades cut out both bands of blue at night when you don't want to be alert, which allows melatonin to be produced. Melatonin is extremely important for health separately from just sleep, and it's ideal to synthesize it endogenously by blocking blue and green light at night.

Finally, we now have another style of Nightshades in titanium, which gets you a lightweight, sub-20g product.

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Want to work with Chroma?

As mentioned in the last newsletter, Chroma will be closing down in the coming weeks after we fulfill orders. We’re still looking at opportunities to start working toward enterprise and military solutions. It’s just difficult to get most individuals interested in figuring out the details of the product so we’d rather get to the point where we can just say, “the Air Force and big company XYZ that you know uses it so you should too; trust us that it’s the best”. To that end, we are looking at some Air Force research contract opportunities and we would need some people working on those. We’re interested in people with either a STEM, B2B sales, or product management background with the key requirement that you be able to work at least 51% time (no other primary employment) for at least December, January, and February. You can reply directly to this if interested, or pass this along to someone who might be. The focus would be primarily on transitioning these products to meet Air Force needs.

If Chroma is to succeed in a major way, we will need powerful allies. Even if we are closing down B2C and primary operations for a bit, building the proper relationships takes time. We can slowly build up these connections in the background while the rest of the world sleeps on this technology, and then when we’re ready, we pounce.

#8 The Complete Solution to Human Health in the Modern World

sia la lux

UPDATE: BLEEDINGEDGE discount code now for 15% off. Automatically applies with link below.

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There’s a joke where a mathematician notices some smoke coming out from under a door. He looks inside and sees a fire in the corner of the room. He looks around the room, sees a bucket of water on the desk and proclaims, “ah, a solution exists,” while he promptly exits the room to go work on the next problem. I find myself in a similar situation with the products now being announced.

I’ve managed to figure out effective form faexpect a lot of these will sell out since we have fairly small volumes, but if they don’tctors to deliver every biologically critical portion of the solar spectrum. While these products are not meant to be a replacement for sunlight, I suspect if they were used as such for a person living in a cave, they would fare better than the average city-dweller. Without such a solution, I never would have considered moving to Bellingham, Washington, one of the cloudiest places in the US.

How is health achieved?

There are a few pillars of health/wellness/vitality: diet, exercise, and physical environment (primarily light and temperature). These factors all interact with each other, especially if you include mentality as the 4th pillar. If you eat poorly, you will not feel like exercising, after which you might not sleep well, and then you are more likely to eat poorly the next day, and so on. This problem has never been solved in a scalable way in the modern world, even in wealthy nations.

But 1 of the pillars presents a unique opporunity. Only 1 of these can be built and permantly optimized without further effort. Once in place, it serves as a kernel that can perpetually bootstrap the physio-psychological state that will lead to us going back to solve the other problems for ourselves again and again until it is habituated. This is not just a solution, but I have never seen evidence to suggest there could be any other (within the modern world, of course, we can always go back to living in the wilderness). The only part of the solution that I do not yet have is the thermal aspect — you will need to figure out a way to have a cool sleep environment at a minimum or the whole thing could still unravel (more intense cold and heat exposure are good, but not as critical).

Biologically Active Components of Sunlight

This is what the solar spectrum looks like, more or less, and there are 4 main portions we care about:

  1. Ultraviolet B for vitamin D synthesis. Defined as 280-320nm.

  2. Ultraviolet A for nitric oxide production. Defined as 320-400nm.

  3. Visible light for circadian rhythm. Melanopic spectrum peaks at 480nm.

  4. Near-Infrared light for mitochondria (i.e. everything). 810-850nm
    (Deep red is in this category at 670nm)

There are various products to address all of these things poorly. 5 years ago I started scratching away at one of these, and over the past year I figured out how to build products that solve for all of these well.

IRONFORGE and REDFORGE (Near-IR and Red)

Near-IR is what Chroma is most well known for at this time. We unveiled how every other company in this space doesn’t know how to buy a $12 power meter from Amazon to find that their devices pump out 2.3x fewer watts than they claim — and that’s just the “reputable” brands such as Joovv, Platinum, EMR-Tek, etc. (I wouldn’t be surprised if the ridiculously over-priced Novothor beds are also lying about power output) — if you get into some of the ones that are the 20th brand selling the same greenhouse panel lights as all of these, it can be off by 4-5x. Moreover, since most of those products mix red and near-IR in the same device, the near-IR power is lower. You might think it’s as much as 50%, but since the errors in total power are primarily due to the near-IR LEDs, it could be as little as 30%. This is a problem. Near-IR is a lot better than red light for the primary reason that the longer wavelengths are able to penetrate further into tissue, whereas the visible red or deep red light is mostly absorbed in the skin. Red light might do some things 1.5x better than near-infrared at the skin, but near-IR is 10x better for everything else.

I’m not going to go into details on what this light does since as I mentioned it interacts with mitochondria, which gives it its do-everything effects. If you want to dive-in to what that means, you can skim through this spreadsheet summarizing the several thousand studies on the topic, which also lets you see what wavelength and power was used. I became interested in near-IR light after partially tearing a pulley in my finger rock climbing. Some of the main effects people are interested in with near-IR are cognitive and sleep enhancements, better looking skin, hypertrophy and faster recovery from physical training, pains/aches, and hair re-growth.

Our product (the IRONFORGE) packs more near-IR light than most large panels into something the size of a brick so you can get enough near-IR where you actually want it, or pass it around your entire body and actually have it hit your body rather than losing most of the light to the sides because geometry (if you are of a wide rectangular form such as the plant beds that those greenhouse panels are designed for, this may not apply to you). We’re anodizing these now.

Meet the REDFORGE: Since people keep asking us about red light, and since red LEDs are actually cheaper than near-IR LEDs, we decided to make a red light version called REDFORGE and it’s only available in the Black Series, which offers the most power. We split the power 50:50 between 670nm and 630nm LEDs, which are a bit more aligned with the cytochrome c-oxidase absorption peaks, though pricier than the standard 620nm and 660nm that is typically used. You may be wondering why we felt the need the need to add 630 when 670 is probably a bit better, and it has nothing to do with trying to offer more “features.” Near-IR is invisible so it doesn’t make for great marketing. 670nm is even dimmer than 660nm, but by adding in 630nm, we can increase brightness by 1.5x so it looks like more is going on — this will certainly be of uptmost important to everyone who couldn’t be bothered to check the power output of their $5,000 Joovv panel with a $12 plug-in power meter. Most importantly, with that change we can say that the number of lumens on this device is over 9000, which has zero importance for anything.

We also built a near-infrared flashlight that has more near-IR power than a $300 Joovv Go, while concentrating that power into a smaller form factor. I’m not that excited about a device with about an eighth of the power of the IRONFORGE Green Series, but it will be better than the cheapo red lightbulbs on Amazon that have almost no near-infrared in them.

Meet the Chroma Sky Portal (Visible)

This is the product a lot of people have been waiting for and it addresses the most important part of the visible spectrum.

We sold a few crude prototypes of this device and have vastly improved it since then. The idea for this product was actually where Chroma started. In the first iteration we used a fresnel lens to achieve incredibly high brightness, exceeding the melanopic lux of direct sunlight on full brightness. This was overkill and unpleasant. It worked best when setting the brightness somewhere in the 1-10% range, and since the light was so concentrated you had to have your head in exactly the right spot to see it. The prototype was built out of buckets from Home Depot, hot glue, and engineering-style control modules for dimmers — naturally, about half of the people that bought them took us up on our no questions asked return policy, but the other half absolutely loved them because for all the flaws, it was way beyond anything else available.

The Sky Portal is not a SAD (seasonal affective disorder) light since there is no such thing as SAD, only modern building induced damage to our health in which the severity of damage follows some distribution. The Sky Portal has no effect on you, only the building, hence the name.

By delivering light from an LED that peaks at 480nm, we can stimulate the melanopsin cells that control the wake-sleep cycle, which is fairly important since typical indoor lighting is about 1% as bright as it is outdoors. Additionally, we have almost zero light in the sub-450nm region, which is your harsh dark blue that you get from white SAD lights — in fact, you even get a hefty dose of this harsh blue light from cheap blue SAD lights that will combine 440nm with 520nm or thereabouts. Perceived color does not inform you of the spectrum! You might notice it looks white in the center and that is due to how cameras work. Brightness also changes perceived hue.

What you need to understand about a lot of the SAD lights out there is they’ve existed for longer than we have known the cells in the eyes that control circadian rhythms exist. No one has actually bothered updating their product in the past 2 decades since that discovery. Most of what you have are things like a startup that Mark Cuban funded to the tune of $800k to make the same shitty SAD lights with nicer fixtures. The only way you see the fixture is be your garbage (mine too) ambient light — if you want a physical thing that looks nice buy a sculpture. The purpose of a light device is to emit light so what matters is the wavelength of those photons, how many of them you have, and the angle they are coming from (light from above is twice as effective, not surprising given where light comes from outside). Until you get that right, why would you even think about trying to make it look pretty? That’s why we use a tripod instead of some custom carbon fiber sculpture arm from ADM Works. We did make it thin though.

Bright light during the day doesn’t just make you feel alert or prevent building-induced depression, it also is critical to how you will sleep that night, how much melatonin your body will produce, and when you will go to bed.

Bonus - near-IR on your head and face:

Since the Sky Portal is shining down on you (held up by a tripod) we figured that would be a good place to include some near-infrared light too. This offers a sort of barbell dosing approach with the Ironforge, which can give you a ton of power in one spot in a short time. By hitting you throughout the day, this offers a better value then low-power head-worn near-IR devices that you’ll eventually want to take off. In addition to cognitive benefits and the possibility that it might alleviate symptoms even for people with neurodegenerative diseases, near-IR to the head is great for sleep. When I was using the near-IR helmet mentioned in a previous newsletter, I was seeing more deep sleep based on my Polar watch. I now have someone else using the helmet with an Oura ring to get more accurate data on that. Front of the head is also ideal for the aesthetic reasons people care about since it hits the face and receding hairlines. Finally, for people that are worried about eye damage from the harsh blue light spike from indoor lights and screens, this is an infinitely better solution. Not only does the soft sky blue light drown out that harmful light by causes the pupils to dilate, the near-IR light also reduces cellular damage.

You can control both channels independently by adjusting from 10 to 90% blue vs near-IR, along with adjusting the overall power (2 dials). With nearly half as much near-IR as our IRONFORGE Green Series, you’re getting about as much near-IR as you’d get from a $1200 Joovv Solo.

This sort of light is the complement of blue-blocking glasses in the evening.

Meet the Chroma D-LIGHT (UVB and UVA)

When I started working on Chroma I knew we would be missing a large piece of the puzzle until we could figure out UV. I never would have imagined we would be releasing a product with UV so soon since I used to be hesitant about working with UV since it can be dangerous. All of that changed when someone sent me a study showing that a narrowband UVB LED with a peak at 293nm is safer than the broad spectrum sunlight provides. Although all UVB light is harmful to some extent, part of the spectrum is far more effective at producing D3, and the spectrum varies in its ability to produce D3 more than the degree of damage varies. This enables an increase in the D3/damage ratio. If you look at the LEDs mentioned, you’ll notice that vendor does not supply those LEDs — in fact, almost no one supplies any LEDs in the 290-300nm range! Eventually, we found an LED manufacturer that agreed to make us custom diodes that peaked at 290nm and had a fairly narrow spectral distribution (some are wider than others).

At first we thought these LEDs were 10x as expensive as other LEDs we had worked with, but we were mistaken — UVB LEDs have incredibly low efficiencies, typically around 2% so for the same radiant output, they were actually several hundred times more expensive… this likely explains why no one has ever release a consumer product that contains these. The most popular UVB light today (Sperti) was designed before the end of World War II and it uses fluorescent UV bulbs, which means it is more likely to lead to skin cancer (the most lethal cancer iirc) than sunlight.

We simply built the D-LIGHT on the same platform as the IRONFORGE. The only change we had to make other than the diodes was the cover plate since polycarbonate blocks UV. We use a 2 piece cover where the top plate is a thick piece of fused silica that lets the UV through.

Running the Numbers:

From the paper the above article was describing:

For example the suberythemal exposure of the skin type II to 0.75 MED from the 293 LED produced 2.3 IUs cm^2 (5.63 ng/cm^2 ) in one half minute compared to a less than half the amount (0.9 IUs; 2.35 ng/cm^2 ) vitamin D3 when the same skin sample was exposed to the sun for more than 60 times longer time (32.15min).

0.75 MED = 24 mJ/cm^2 —> 24 mJ/2.3IU = 10.4 mJ/IU. For the D-LIGHT Pro, we have 12,000 mW of 290nm LEDs, and with about 1.5% radiant efficiency we get 180 mJ/s, or 17.3 IU per second, or 1038 IU per minute. This exceeds the 600 IU recommended minimum, but many people believe amounts closer to 10x this are more appropriate. Another paper showed better results with 290nm than 295nm so we can’t reliably correct for variations of a few nanometers.

The D-LIGHT also has UVA, which is known to produce nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is is a vasodillator and the reason you feel almost instantly relaxed when you step outside and are hit by sunlight. We went with LEDs peaking at 365nm for this since that is the closest option to the peak theoretical quantum yield. UVA goes from 320-400nm, and the shorter the wavelength, the more it damages your DNA so this is probably a lot less damaging than the broad spectrum UVA lights in tanning beds, which definitely increases cancer risk more than sunlight. In sunlight, there is about 40 times more UVA than UVB, but this ratio is higher early in the morning and late in the afternoon. We went with around 60x UVA irradiance with respect to the amount of UVB.

Did we beat the Sun itself on safety?

The elephant in the room with all this spectral optimization is that does not take into account that sunlight includes mechanisms to actively mitigate the cellular damage that is being caused. UVA induced priming of the body to produce its own “sunblock” is one mechanism, but it’s the large amount of red and near-infrared light that makes the biggest difference. I have a bunch of articles in my notes on this so I’m just going to link to all of them [Study 1 Study 2 Study 3 Study 4 Study 5 Study 6 Study 7 Study 8 Study 9 Study 10 Study 11 Study 12 Study 13].

On the D-LIGHT Pro, we combine 850nm near-IR, 670nm deep red, and 630nm red in equal amounts. We then max out the space we have to physically cram these diodes onto the board, which roughly maxes out thermal limitations and puts total power close to the IRONFORGE Black Series with UV-power included. Since the UV light is right at the skin, we figured this is an application where a mix of red and near-infrared actually makes sense. The protective effects of red/NIR actually peak later, which lines up with the fact that the sunlight has lots of red light in the evening and then in the morning, before the midday light that has lots of UVB. So for circadian mimicry and possibly optimal results, you might use an IRONFORGE late afternoon and in the morning, and the D-LIGHT around solar noon. With that protocol, combined with the narrow UV spectrums, I suspect you’d have a slight edge on sunlight for Vitamin D safety.

The standard version of the D-LIGHT is the same, except with ~3x fewer UV LEDs and thus 3x less UV power. If you use it 3x longer, you can achieve virtually identical outcomes, but this is less convenient, and you may not achieve your preferred dose. The standard version keeps the 630nm red LEDs, but drops the 670nm and 850nm LEDs.

Vitamin D and Nitric Oxide Context

These are two exemplary compounds to look at because they tell us so much about the medical industry, science, and modern society. They also seems to play a large role in COVID-19 outcomes [Vitamin D Study 1, Vitamin D Study 2, Vitamin D Study 3, Nitric Oxide Review].

While the idea that there are powerful people trying to make us physically weak and apathetic by suppressing healthy levels of sunlight and vitamin D seems a little too far-fetched to me, it might not be necessary to go to such conspiracy theories to see the devestating effects we have today materialize. Perhaps L’Oreal’s anti-sunlight campaign in the 1980s was all it took. These sorts of campaigns can be self-sustaining because the “scientists” that perpetuate memes such as sunlight bad are themselves weakened and thus are only able to operate as superficially intelligent zombies.

Nitric oxide is interesting because it’s incredibly simple, a single nitrogen atom bound to a single oxygen atom, yet we barely understand half of what it does. The complexity of molecules grows at an unimaginably fast rate since it’s not just which atoms and where, but how they can rotate at each bond. The curse of dimensionality shows how foolish many efforts in medicine are — in particular, anyone smart enough to figure out how to somehow overcome all those problems, would first have solved all the problems I have solved since what I am doing is far more trivial. Given that they have not, we can only conclude that the entire industry is rather foolish and serious about the problems they claim to be working on.

Chroma will be going into hibernation post-launch

Unfortunately, there is not enough numerical literacy within the niche of people who care about red light therapy to get ahead by simply building the best products. The grifters have the edge since most of the people can’t figure out that they’re being fooled, and I’m incapable of taking that approach. This means that in order to scale I’d have to do a bunch of clever growth-hacky things, but even that doesn’t actually do much in the grand scheme of things. When startups are raising hundreds of millions to make more drugs, working toward simply displacing Joovv and Novothor is not a goal that motivates me. I’d much rather continue to work in aerospace — and for making money in the short term, I think a new product I’m working on will be far more effective since it addresses COVID-19 directly rather than a niche market (Reflow Labs). That might actually give me the ammunition to tackle these problems with the attention they deserve.

In aerospace, there are people trained to evaluate different technologies so if I go to them and say I can make parts with XYZ strength, they know exactly what that means. There are no experts in being human. Not only are they not experts, their performance is dysmal so I can’t rely on them to operate in logical ways the way aircraft manufacturers will. What I can do is sell to businesses that across enough total people can see a large enough return to figure out how this all works (if you can make employees 10% more productive, that’s huge, the health benefits can be ignored). I can also sell to the military since they are interested in human performance. All those things take more time, which I don’t have. I’d like to do it eventually, but when I was working on my previous aerospace company I imagined it as the 20+ year out retirement plan when I could drop $1b on it an really come out swinging at healthcare industrial complex. So I can’t say whether Chroma will return in 1, 5, 10, or 20 years.

What I can point out is that Chroma has a much better ROI for customers. Joovv makes millions per year and has never built a novel product — instead they line Facebook’s pockets with ad money, patent troll, and intimidate small business owners for pointing out that they are lying to everyone on power output (luckily, I know that math and numerical literacy trumps money so I won’t be intimidated). Every new product being announced here was a result of the small batch of IRONFORGEs we sold several months ago. So I can offer a lot more value by building Reflow Labs and Black Lattice first, and then coming back to this.

For now, all products that we are bringing will only be available for about 3 weeks, after which the store will close. I am doing a clearance discount that will be active for 1 week. The discount code is BLEEDINGEDGE all caps, and it is good for 35% off every single product. Once a product is sold out, that’s it. I expect a lot of these will sell out based on how fast the previous IRONFORGEs sold and this batch is about the same size since we were spread out across so many products.

Some of the products are still being wrapped-up in manufacturing, and others already shipped to our distribution warehouses. We managed to get a warehouse in the EU too so hopefully we can help avoid VAT for everyone, but can’t guarantee it. For IRONFORGE and D-LIGHT, we can ship directly to you if you order before the whole batch ships. Limit 2 of each per person, except flashlights and glasses, which are unlimited.

SKY PORTAL Days from being in stock in the US and EU

IRONFORGE: Assembly finishes early next week, will take 3 weeks to ship to US and EU, and then about a week to ship to you.

REDFORGE: Same.

Near-IR Flashlights: Arriving in the US and EU this week, if they haven’t already.

D-LIGHT: Boards being assembled, other components prepped so assembly will finish around end of next week, and then 2-3 weeks to ship to US.

NIGHTSHADES Days from being in stock in US and EU.

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If any products are left 3 weeks from now, fantastic, I’ll build a super-array of lights around my desk! Thanks for joining me on this adventure.

Questions? Post them in our Facebook group so other people can benefit from seeing the answer.

UPDATE: BLEEDINGEDGE discount code now for 15% off.

#7 What the strongest materials in the universe teach about achieving peak human health and performance

Our Debut Youtube Video / Solo Podcast

When I started this newsletter I said I was going to do video content… unfortunately, my budget for video editing is fairly limited at this time so here’s a a video of me talking about everything light related I know, all in one go, unscripted.

Prologue: The video starts with some stuff about materials engineering that might not seem relevant, but to me it’s deeply connected. Once you see how much nuance and detail there is within a “simple” material and how imperfect our models are, you get an intuitive sense that there must be limits in systems that are unimaginably more complex (e.g. anything biological). This does not mean that we cannot apply physics and scientific methods in these domains, but that it is imperative we chose our questions wisely and frame concepts in a way that will deliver good results.

If we do not do this we run into the problem that Nassim Taleb called the Carpenter’s Fallacy: just because a carpenter makes the roulette table does not mean she knows probability theory. Similarly, most of what is taught in biology is what things are in name and how to use various instruments in a lab like a technician. People know that molecular science will not suddenly yield an answer to the life, the universe, and everything, so why do they expect molecular science to be the dominant factor that impacts health outcomes?

An obese, sedentary person with all modern medicine is worse off than a healthy fit person without it. Anyone who would nitpick about the benefits of medicine in a handful of highly impactful ways in not taking a high-level enough perspective. For instance, germ theory indicating the need to wash your hands is of uptmost importance when you live in a primitive city, but if you live in the wilderness, you might not have to worry so much about whether people are defecating in the water supply. Modern medicine has given itself a rather big pat on the back mostly for resolving some of the major issues that come when we change the dynamics of how we live.

As we are witnessing now, those high level dynamics can be more important than the biological tools at our disposal. I am hopeful that the realization that an engineered technology such as a position-sensing door opener that prevents hand-to-hand contact can be followed with something slightly more advance. We still need the biology, but the system that replaces the doorknob is arguable the cutting edge, and with that perspective, I propose the “basic” technologies of light I discuss here are the real bleeding edge of health technology.

If you want to support a better quality video next time, you can order stuff from our webstore. Production on glasses and lights is nearly finished. Hoping to have everything shipped to US in 2-3 weeks. Some of the IRONFORGE near IR lights are running low (2 left on Black Series) so if you want one now’s a good time to order. We will probably revamp graphic design and marketing before ordering more of those, and even if we don’t you’ll still be waiting an extra ~2 months for the following batch.

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